How the Language System Works: Five Essential Components of Reading
1. Phonemic/phoneme awareness - an awareness that words are made up of segments of sounds that are represented with letters in an alphabetic orthography.
2. Phonics - the study of the relationships between the sounds and letters they represent. It is also used to describe reading instruction that teaches sound-symbol correspondences such as the phonics approach.
3. Fluency -
5. Comprehension - an understanding of what one is reading