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  • Writer's pictureRuth Tougas

Struggling readers & poor readers' problems begin with phonology; what to do to help them?

Updated: Feb 1, 2022

Phonology is the study of the sound systems in a particular language with alphabetic principle that governs the language such as English and French. It includes the inventory of sounds and the rules that describe how to sequence and utter the sounds (phonemes) to make words. For instance, it is the study of how to change the phoneme /c/ to /b/ for the word cat to bat.

How to help them?

Knowledge of letter names and the sounds they represent are the most critical skills to learn for beginning readers, typically in kindergarten and grade-one level and must be taught correctly and systematically to prevent reading failure. Therefore learning how to pronounce the sounds correctly is the first step to help them followed by connecting or blending the sounds in minimal pair, the consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) concept and once they know how to read these simple words they need to practice reading them for fluency.

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